History

Basel 1642, Topographia Helvetiae, Rhaetiae et Valesiae

Basel 1642, Topographia Helvetiae, Rhaetiae et Valesiae

Back before our calendar began, Basel had already been occupied by the Celts. In 30 B.C. the city's strategically favourable position led the Romans to station its military forces on the hill now occupied by the cathedral.

One key event in the development of the city was the founding of the University in the year 1460. Many of Europe's greatest minds came to Basel, which became a veritable centre of humanism and book printing.

The Reformation witnessed the growth of the silk weaving and dyeing industries which in turn gave rise to today's pharmaceutical and chemical companies. The once fortified settlement is today a financial and commercial hub and a celebrated city of culture.

Dates from the history of Basel

TimelineEvent
44 B.CFoundation of the Roman settlement Augusta Raurica (Augst) by the Roman General Lucius Munatius Plancus. Roman fortifications in Basel on the hill where nowadays the Minster stands
In 374 A.D.The name of Basel (Basilia) is first mentioned by a Roman historian, Ammanius Marcellinus, on the occasion of a visit of the Emperor Valentinian I to the city
7th centuryIn the beginning of the 7th century the Bishop's seat was transfered from Augst to Basel
917The settlement and the Carolingian Minster were destroyed by the Hungarians. Death of Bishop Rudolph (sarcophagus in the Cathedral)
1006The civil power of the Bishop was established in Basel by decree of the Emperor Henry II
1019Consecration of the Roman Minster by the Emperor Henry II
1080First town-wall erected under Bishop Burchard
1185Great fire burns down the city
1225The first wooden bridge was spanned across the Rhine under Bishop Henry of Thoune. It is the nowadays Mittlere Rheinbrücke and had being made of stone between 1903-1906
1349The so-called "Black Death" plague was raging in Basel
1356On the 18th October a part of the city and the Minster was destroyed by the great earthquake
1392Reunion of Greater and Lesser Basel
1398The third town-wall, which was begun in 1362, is completed
1431-1448Basel City is during that time the Christian's world center of interest. The "Council of Basel" wants to reform the Church. In 1440 Pope Felix V is elected and crowned 
1444St. Jakob's battle next to the river Birse between Swiss confederates' small troop and the too strong Armagnacs' army under the French Dauphin
1460Foundation of Basel's University (the oldest university in Switzerland) by Pope Pius II
1471The Emperor Friedrich III confers on Basel the right to hold 2 fairs a year
1501Basel is accepted into the Swiss Confederation
1529Johannes Oekolampad introduces the Reformation. The Bishop of  Basel leaves the city and settles down at Porrentruy and later on at Soleure.
1648After the thirty-year war (1618-1648), Mayor Johann Rudolf, from Basel, takes part in the Peace Congress of Münster and Osnabrück in Westphalia and succeedes in getting the absolute sovereignity for the Swiss Confederation
1662The Council and the University buy up to the Amerbach family their artcabinet. First public art collection in the world
1833The canton of Basel was separated into 2 half-cantons : Basel-Town and Basel-Country
1844The first railway-train reaches Basel
1845The so-called "Baslertäubchen" is the first poststamp in Basel
1897First Zionist congress in the world takes place in Basel. Theodor Herzl proclaims the Jewish State (Stadtcasino)
1904Beginning of the navigation on the Rhin up to Basel
1912World peace congress in Münster (international socialism)
1917First Industries Fair 
1946Inauguration of Basel-Mulhouse’s airport
19572000 years Basel
1960500 years University
1963Foundation of Regio Basiliensis
1971Connection of theFederal Railways’ Intercity net with Basel City
1975Inauguration of the new theatre of Basel
1980„Grün 80“: 2nd swiss exhibition on Garden and Countryside’s construction. Inauguration of the Contemporary Art Museum and the Paper, Script, Print Museum in St. Alban-Tal
1981Reinauguration of the Historical Museum
1989Meeting on the top. The french State President François Mitterand, The german Chancellor Helmut Kohl, and the President of Switzerland Jean-Pascal Delamuraz sign a declaration for a closer collaboration between the three countries.
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