Our Earth is an extremely dynamic planet. The composition of the surface has its origins deep inside the earth.
Our Earth is an extremely dynamic planet. The composition of the surface has its origins deep inside the earth. This is the only way to explain the continents that have been moving for millions of years, the towering mountains, the formation and disappearance of ocean basins, huge undersea mountain ranges, deep-sea trenches, the constantly active volcanism and the dreaded earthquakes.
Life on Earth originated over 3.8 billion years ago. This life and its evolution form an ongoing, geologically effective force. Alternating warm and ice ages are further phenomena which, in interaction with the forces from the earth's interior and the living world, have created our current living conditions.
The exhibition Fire & Water shows these interrelationships primarily from the perspective of the theory of continental drift, which has permanently changed our view of the world since the 1970s. Visitors are guided from the earth's interior to the earth's surface and there from the high mountains to the deep sea trench. We learn about the shell-like structure and composition of our planet from earthquake waves that pass through the earth. These in turn have a major impact on what happens in the Earth's crustal plates, whether on the seabed or on the continents.
On a large world map, we can study the connections between the adjacent crustal plates, volcanic belts, earthquakes, mountain ranges and deep-sea trenches.
The research and drilling ship "Glomar Challenger", which played a pioneering role in the detection of plate tectonics from 1968 to 1983, can also be viewed in the model.
The diverse geological manifestations on the earth's surface, such as mountains and their typical rocks, plains and deserts, the continental shelf with its striking coral reefs or the mysterious deep sea and some of its mineral resources are also featured in the exhibition.
Note: This text was translated by machine translation software and not by a human translator. It may contain translation errors.